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摧毀你物業的植物殺手——英國日本虎杖(Japanese Knotweed)分佈圖

摧毀你物業的植物殺手——英國日本虎杖(Japanese Knotweed)分佈圖


作為英國最具破壞性的植物之一,源於日本的蓼科雜草 ——日本虎杖(Japanese Knotweed)因為生長能力太強,經常會造成房屋(House)因此損壞,甚至貶值。一旦受到虎杖入侵,樓價就會下跌,平均下跌10%。目前,英國約有十分之一的房屋(Houses)受到虎杖的影響,導致英國樓價合共下跌約200億英鎊。
 
只需要 1 個月的時間,日本虎杖就能生長到 1 米高。夏季生長極速,於 5 月至 7 月期間的每一天,都可以生長 10 厘米,最高時可達到 3 米。相比雜草,虎杖非常難被清除,其根部生長更快,甚至可以深入地底 5 米,橫向擴散 7 米以上。如果根沒有連根拔起,一些細小的根可以在地底下潛伏 10 年,於合適的時機又會生長出來,通常業主自己很難徹底清理,需要聘請專業人士。
 
日本虎杖具有超強的穿透能力,能從水泥板或者磚縫中生穿出來,其強壯的根莖將裂縫撐大,對建築物造成破壞。近日,專門清除入侵植物的英國公司 Environet,公佈了一份報告,根據其收集的超過 5.4 萬次各地報告出現日本虎杖的次數,統計出受日本虎杖影響最嚴重的地區。
 

Do YOU live in one of Britain's Japanese knotweed hotspots? Interactive map shows where invasive plant that can grow through bricks and foundations is flourishing

 
  • EXCLUSIVE:  A stunning interactive map reveals Britain's Japanese knotweed hotspots 
  • The plant is very strong and can break through brick, concrete and walls and decreases house prices by 10% 
  • Data from removal experts reveals around one in 20 houses in Britain is affected by the plant
  • Bolton is the worst affected place in the country, followed by Bristol, St Helens, Cardiff and Blackburn
 

Japanese knotweed is a devastating invasive plant which can break through concrete, bricks and mortar, and new data reveals Bolton is the worst affected place in the UK. 

The North West of England is one of the hardest hit parts of the country, with three places — Bolton (first), St Helens (third) and Blackburn (fifth) — among the ten most plagued locations.  

Wales and the South West have also been hit hard, with Bristol (2), Cardiff (4), Llanelli (6) and Swansea (7) all in the ten worst affected places. 

According to Environet, a company which specialises in the removal of invasive plants like bamboo and Japanese knotweed, the top ten is rounded out by Rotherham in eighth, Shepherd's Bush in ninth and Nottingham in tenth. 

The company has built an interactive heat map called Exposed which collected information on more than 54,000 infestations.

Users can browse the map to see how many infestations have been reported within a 4km radius (2.5miles) of any location in the UK, or can search by postcode.  

Japanese knotweed is exceptionally strong and its roots are capable of growing through concrete, drains, mortar, brick and even cavity walls. 

The weed is incredibly hard to control, as its underground roots grow stronger and faster than the above-ground plant which is visible to gardeners. 

A study by scientists at Swansea University in 2018 found the plant is impossible to manage with standard measures. After 19 different attempts, they failed to control it. 

Homeowners are unable to control the spread of the plant themselves, with expert help needed in order to eradicate it once it takes root. 

It hibernates throughout winter but exits its phase of dormancy in the spring, growing again in March. This growth phase can be easily spotted as distinctive red shoots which look like asparagus emerge. 

Other telltale signs of the plant are its distinctive shield-shaped leaves, pretty white flowers which bloom in the summer, and pink-flecked stems.

The plant grows rapidly in the summer months, surging around four inches (10cm) every day between May and July until it reaches a height of up to 10ft (3metres).  

The plant is native to the Far East and was brought to Kew Gardens in the 1840s for its beautiful flowers but it grew out of control and has now spread across the British Isles. 

The Government estimates it would now cost £1.5bn to clear the UK of knotweed.

Its destructive ability means it can be a nightmare for homeowners as it not only poses a structural risk but reduces a property's value by around ten per cent. 

Retrieved from: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-9541921/Britains-Japanese-knotweed-hotspots-revealed-interactive-map.html (5 May 2021)

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